manufacturing process of sponge iron seminar ppt

iron and steel manufacturing process.ppt. iron and steel manufacturing process.ppt - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (. ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text file (.txt) or view presentation This technique produces 97.0 percent pure iron, which is called, solid Sponge Iron.

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Sponge Iron | Manufacturer of Sponge Iron

Sponge iron is also referred to as direct reduced iron, metalized iron, or hot briquetted iron. Sponge iron is used in the iron and steel industry as a substitute for scrap in induction and electrical arc furnaces. Over the years, the shortage of expensive melting scrap has made sponge iron a significant raw material for manufacturing high ...

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Sponge iron making process - SlideShare

Making process iron ore to sponge iron Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website.

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Basic Concepts of Iron and Steel Making | SpringerLink

This book presents the fundamentals of iron and steel making, including the physical chemistry, thermodynamics and key concepts, while also discussing associated problems and solutions. It guides the reader through the production process from start to finish, covers the raw materials, and addresses the types of processes and reactions involved ...

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PRESENTATION BY NMDC

Expansion of iron ore production capacity from 25 million tonnes to 40 million tonnes per annum by 2014-15 by increasing production from existing mines and opening new mines on its own or in joint venture with state Govt/State Govt undertakings of various states. Value addition in iron ore by making sponge iron, and steel.

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(PDF) Different processes of Sponge Iron production – A Review

2D CFD model of rotary kiln of sponge iron process is developed to study the effects of angle of inclination, number of rotation and mass flow rate of iron ore on output parameters.

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SPONGE IRON INDUSTRY

India is the world's largest producer of sponge iron, accounting for 13 per cent of the global production 8. Sponge iron is produced using either coal or natural gas. Since coal is available in India, the sector largely depends on coal based sponge iron which contributes …

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Sponge Iron | Iron | Steelmaking

Sponge iron is the product created when iron ore is reduced to metallic iron, in the presence of coal, at temperatures below the melting point of iron. The external shape of the ore is retained with 30% reduction in weight due to oxide reduction resulting in change in …

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(PDF) iron-steel making From start to finish

sponge, briquettes – quite pure Fe) ... Presentation will help to provide basic principle and brief overview of iron making to steel making process. which is cover each and every stage of iron ...

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WELSPUN STEEL LIMITED

Sizing of the Raw materials also play vital role in sponge iron manufacturing process. The required size of Iron ore, MPS (Mean particle size), its physical properties like T.I., A.I. & chemical properties like Fe (T), LOI, gangue content In Sponge Iron Process, two types of coal are being used such as feed coal and injection coal.

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Powder Production Technologies - Powder Metallurgy Review

The sponge iron process. The longest established of these processes is the sponge iron process, the leading example of a family of processes involving solid state reduction of an oxide. In the process, selected magnetite (Fe3O4) ore is mixed with coke and lime and placed in a silicon carbide retort.

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SPONGE IRON PLANT

The major Raw Materials required for production of Sponge Iron by the rotary kiln process are: sized graded Iron Ore and Non-Coking coal. Limestone, in small quantities, is also required to scavenge the sulphur. IRON ORE The quality requirement of Sized ore for sponge iron production …

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Iron and Steel Manufacturing

Iron and Steel Manufacturing Industry Description and Practices Steel is manufactured by the chemical reduction of iron ore, using an integrated steel manufac-turing process or a direct reduction process. In the conventional integrated steel manufacturing process, the iron from the blast furnace is con-verted to steel in a basic oxygen furnace ...

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US3212876A - Method for the production of iron powder from ...

US3212876A US275794A US27579463A US3212876A US 3212876 A US3212876 A US 3212876A US 275794 A US275794 A US 275794A US 27579463 A US27579463 A US 27579463A US 3212876 A US3212876 A US 3212876A Authority US United States Prior art keywords powder iron production sponge iron powder Prior art date Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is …

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Project Report on BIOMASS BRIQUETTES - Manufacturing ...

We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement. If you need any customized project report and BANKABLE project reports as per your requirement, Click here to CONTACT US Or Call us at +91-9289151047, +91-9811437895, +91 - 011 - 23918117, 43658117, 45120361 for quick response. All reports are prepared by highly qualified consultants and verified by a panel of experts.

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PRODUCTION OF IRON AND STEEL POWDERS

2. PRODUCTION OF IRON AND STEEL POWDERS 8 2.3 The Höganäs Sponge Iron Process The Höganäs sponge iron process, is essentially a chemical process in which finely divided iron ore is being reduced with coke breeze yielding a spongy mass of solid metallic iron, which can readily be comminuted to iron powder. The iron ore used at

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Chapter 73. Iron and Steel

The iron ores, in particular high-grade or upgraded ores, are reduced to sponge iron by extracting the oxygen they contain, thus obtaining a ferrous material that replaces scrap. Iron and Steel Production. The world's pig iron production was 578 million tonnes in 1995 (see figure 73.1). Figure 73.1 World pig iron production in 1995, by regions

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ppt presentation on sponge iron manufacturing process

Flow of materials in rotary kilns used for sponge iron manufacture, 20 Mar 1981,, Part I Effect of some operational variables Download PDF, Flow of materials in rotary kilns used for sponge iron manufacture: Part I Effect of some, For easy scaling up of the TISCO Direct Reduction (TDR) process to units of 300 to, on the filling degree profile of the charge in the kiln are presented...

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Presentation steel making - SlideShare

Bessemer process • The Bessemer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel from molten pig iron prior to the open hearth furnace. The key principle is removal of impurities from the iron by oxidation with air being blown through the molten iron. 11.

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sponge iron process

In general sized iron ore of 5-18mm is used in the process of manufacture of sponge iron on all types of rotary kiln with +16mm not exceeding 15-20%.The mean particle size of iron ore shall be restricted to 11mm in order to achieve uniform Fe metallic of all grain size fraction of the product.

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Automation and Control in Iron and Steel Industries

blast furnace process itself follows, for the generation of pig iron. Since pig iron is not forgeable and not rollable, the too-high content of carbon and of other undesired companion elements has to be removed in the succeeding steel production process. This is done in most cases by blowing oxygen into a bath of iron, scrap, and some fluxing

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Iron & Steel Industry in India: Production, Market Size ...

Iron & Steel Industry in India. India was the world's second-largest steel producer with production standing at 111.2 million tonnes (MT) in 2019. The growth in the Indian steel sector has been driven by domestic availability of raw materials such as iron ore and cost-effective labour. Consequently, the steel sector has been a major ...

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How sponge is made - material, manufacture, making, used ...

Sponge manufacturing produces no harmful byproducts and little waste. Sponge material that is lost in trimming, such as when an uneven end is cut off the large block, is ground up and recycled. It can be thrown in the mixer at the beginning of the process, and become part of a new sponge.

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Pig Iron Manufacturing Process - 911metallurgist.com

Pig Iron. In the electric-furnace production of pig steel from ore, carbon in the product can be kept below 2.2 per cent., and regulated to an extent by the amount of carbon charged, without resulting in excessive loss of iron in the slag or in the production of a pig steel very high in impurities, if a fair grade of ore is used.

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Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) Production Plant

from the DRI production plant) will be reduced by 50 - 100 kg.) 3. Increase in the productivity of blast furnaces The productivity of a blast furnace increased with charging DRI with large metallic iron content to it. (When 100 kg of DRI is used for the production of 1 ton of molten iron, the production of molten iron increases by 10 - 15 %.) 4.

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Kobetsu Kaizen Losses Analysis to Enhance the Overall ...

largest coal-based sponge iron manufacturing facility with state-of-the-art machinery. The company is recognised as a leader in manufacturing coal-based sponge iron in India. First commissioned in 1991, JSPL leads the Indian market in this sector and has the world's largest coal-based sponge iron plant, with a capacity of producing 1.32 MTPA DRI.

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Coal based Direct Reduction Rotary Kiln Process – IspatGuru

The main raw materials for the production of DRI by the rotary kiln process are (i) sized graded iron ore or iron ore pellets, (ii) non-coking coal, and (iii) dolomite in small quantities to scavenge the sulphur. Iron ore of the right quality is the basic input for the coal based direct reduction process.

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Critical Success Factors for Manufacturing Industries in ...

manufacturing industries contribute a lot in growth & economic boom in the country. ... in sponge iron industries for Quality-Productivity management and identified 50 attributes of prime ... They concluded that process management, top management leadership, customer focus are

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Direct reduced iron - Wikipedia

Direct reduced iron (DRI), also called sponge iron, is produced from the direct reduction of iron ore (in the form of lumps, pellets, or fines) into iron by a reducing gas or elemental carbon produced from natural gas or coal.Many ores are suitable for direct reduction. Direct reduction refers to solid-state processes which reduce iron oxides to metallic iron at temperatures below the melting ...

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OPERATIONAL ASPECTS OF SPONGE IRON PRODUCTION IN …

1. Krupp Sponge Iron Process The Krupp. Sponge iron process uses a rotary kiln for the reduction of high grade lump ores or pellets (Fig. 1). The feed is introduced together with reducing and de-sulphurizing agents (lime-stone or raw dolomite) into an inclined rotary kiln, heated counter current to the flow of hot gas and reduced to form sponge ...

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Sponge Iron - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

DRI, also known as sponge iron, is the product of reducing iron oxide in the form of iron ore and steel plant wastes into metallic iron, below the melting point of iron and typically in the range of 800–1200 °C. Iron oxide is charged into shaft furnace, rotary kiln, or fluidized beds in the form of pellet, iron ore lumps, or fines. The reduction takes place using gaseous reductants (CO + H ...

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12.5 Iron And Steel Production

12.5.1 Process Description1-3 The production of steel at an integrated iron and steel plant is accomplished using several interrelated processes. The major operations are: (1) coke production, (2) sinter production, (3) iron production, (4) iron preparation, (5) steel production, (6) semifinished product preparation, (7) finished

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1A Manufacturing Process for Iron and Steel

The figure shows a flowchart of the integrated manufacturing process for iron and steel using the blast furnace and basic oxygen furnace (denoted BF and BOF hereinafter, respectively), which is presently the most commonly used method (51% of world steel production). After the BF-BOF process, molten steel is controlled to a target composition ...

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MIDREX Processes -

process was built in Qatar for producing direct reduced iron, Kobe Steel and MIDREX Technologies, Inc., have collaborated to make many technical improvements in the process. The largest MIDREX module, having an annual production capacity of 1.8 million tones, began operation in 2007. The MIDREX module, together with

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SPONGE IRON – Lloyd's Metals

Process. Sponge iron making is a process in which iron ore lumps (typically 5mm-18mm size) are tumbled with a 'select' grade of iron-coking coal little dolomite inside an inclined rotary kiln and control combusted in the presence of air for about 12 hours before the products are air cooled, magnetically separated, screened and size wise in ...

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Sponge Iron Manufacturer India

The Sponge Iron Manufacturers Association (SIMA) established in 1992 is an all India apex body of Indian sponge iron industry. It is the voice of the indian iron ore based sponge iron & steel industry, at both domestic and global forums. As a not-for-profit society, SIMA has been mandated to communicate the viewpoints of its constituents & al ...

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OPERATIONAL ASPECTS OF SPONGE IRON PRODUCTION …

1. Krupp Sponge Iron Process The Krupp. Sponge iron process uses a rotary kiln for the reduction of high grade lump ores or pellets (Fig. 1). The feed is introduced together with reducing and de-sulphurizing agents (lime-stone or raw dolomite) into an inclined rotary kiln, heated counter current to the flow of hot gas and reduced to form sponge ...

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Environmental impact of the processes - Jernkontoret

Carbon dioxide emissions derive, above all, from iron ore reduction that takes place in blast furnaces and sponge iron plants; emissions consequently follow the production fluctuations of ore-based steel. Emissions also come from the use of fossil energy in …

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How to Manufacture Pig Iron: How Pig Iron is made?

(3) Sponge Iron Process: As the name implies, the spongy iron is obtained by the reduction of lumpy iron ore or iron ore pellets from the oxide form into the metallic state. The iron content of the product so obtained varies from 90% to 94% and the balance represents the traces of gangue and residual iron …

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